Under the new situation and new opportunities, continue to cultivate fertile soil for foreign trade
Foreign trade connects the international and domestic markets and plays an important role in building a new development pattern. With the beginning of the new year, the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) will come into effect, and relevant foreign trade companies will usher in new opportunities, and the economic activity in the Asia-Pacific region is expected to further increase. Looking back on the past 2021, my country's foreign trade continued to maintain rapid growth, and its international market share also achieved a steady increase, and it will continue to maintain its status as the world's largest trader of goods. Looking forward to 2022, the development of my country's foreign trade will still be faced with both opportunities and challenges. Especially when the performance of investment and consumption is weak and insufficient, foreign trade will play a greater role in supporting the recovery and growth of China's economy.
Relevant experts said in an interview with reporters that although the global new crown pneumonia epidemic is fluctuating at this stage, problems such as tight international logistics capacity and high freight rates cannot be effectively alleviated in the short term, and the foreign trade development environment is still complex and severe, but my country continues to insist on promoting the expansion of high Open to the outside world at a level, further enhance the role of open platforms such as the Pilot Free Trade Zone and Hainan Free Trade Port, strive to create a market-oriented, legalized, and international business environment, and constantly explore new business forms and new models, and cultivate new growth points, which will be effective. Attract foreign investment, support the healthy development of foreign trade comprehensive service enterprises, and cultivate fertile ground for foreign trade development.
Complex environment, powerful policies
Looking at the foreign trade situation in 2022, the interviewed experts generally believe that it is still complex and severe. Among them, uncertain and unstable factors have increased, and the continuous pressure on both sides of supply and demand is the main contradiction. On the one hand, the trend of the global epidemic is uncertain, especially the mutant strain of Omicron has spread to more than 110 countries and regions; on the other hand, the global economic recovery is uneven, mainly reflected in the difference in recovery between developed economies and low-income countries. big. At the same time, it is still difficult to effectively alleviate global supply chain problems in the short term. This is reflected in the obstruction of the world economic cycle, the continuous congestion of ports, the rising risk of partial supply chain interruption, the high cost of raw materials and transportation, and the lack of cores and cabinets. , lack of work and other problems persist.
Against this background, my country's foreign trade bucked the trend last year and showed strong resilience. In the first 11 months of 2021, the total import and export value of my country's trade in goods was 35.39 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 22%. This figure has exceeded the level for all of 2020. For this achievement, experts generally believe that the country has successively introduced a series of foreign trade stabilization policies as an important factor.
The State Council executive meeting held on December 23 last year pointed out that "my country's imports and exports will grow rapidly in 2021, making an important contribution to stabilizing economic growth. However, foreign trade is currently facing increasing uncertainties, instability and unbalanced factors." To this end, this time The meeting introduced policies such as "strengthening policy support for import and export" and "further encouraging the development of new foreign trade formats such as cross-border e-commerce" to promote the stable development of foreign trade.
Some foreign trade companies said in an interview with a reporter from China Trade News that these measures to stabilize foreign trade will help stabilize the confidence of foreign trade companies, especially small and medium-sized enterprises. my country's foreign trade is expected to remain resilient in 2022.
On January 11, the General Office of the State Council issued the "Opinions on Doing a Good Job in Cross-Cycle Adjustment and Further Stabilizing Foreign Trade" (hereinafter referred to as the "Opinions"), and introduced 15 specific measures. Among them, it is proposed that the domestic sales tax of processing trade enterprises will be exempted from tax interest until the end of 2022, so as to stabilize the development of processing trade and reduce the burden on enterprises. At the same time, taking the effective implementation of RCEP as an important starting point for stabilizing foreign trade, and speeding up the progress of export tax rebates, the average time for tax authorities to process normal export tax rebates in 2022 will be reduced to less than 6 working days.
In addition, industry insiders also pointed out that the establishment of international economic and trade cooperation platforms such as the Canton Fair, the China International Import Expo, and the Service Trade Fair, my country's active participation in global economic and trade cooperation, and the promotion of trade liberalization and facilitation have also played a role in making new breakthroughs in trade scale. .
Continuous innovation empowers foreign trade
In the increasingly complex international competitive environment, international trade innovation will effectively open up new markets and new channels, explore international capacity cooperation, and launch innovative new measures to promote the development of domestic and foreign trade.
An industry organization has conducted a survey on the survival status of foreign trade enterprises in recent years. The results show that the proportion of foreign trade enterprises choosing e-commerce platforms has increased continuously in the past three years, from 31.0% in 2019 to 37.5% in 2021. An increase of 6.2 percentage points over 2020. The outbreak of the new crown pneumonia epidemic in 2020 has led to the obstruction of normal global trade exchanges. New foreign trade formats and new models represented by cross-border e-commerce have broken the inconvenience of offline transactions, and to a certain extent have made up for the loss of sales caused by the decline in exports of foreign trade enterprises. The cross-border e-commerce has greatly improved the risk resistance of the foreign trade market, and it is also the starting point for the digital transformation of foreign trade enterprises.
In line with the trend of foreign trade innovation, in recent years, my country has accelerated the cultivation of new formats and models of foreign trade, and gathered new momentum for foreign trade development. In July 2021, the General Office of the State Council issued the "Opinions on Accelerating the Development of New Formats and Models of Foreign Trade", which clarified the direction for the development of new formats and models of domestic and foreign trade in the medium and long term. Among them, the vigorous development of new trade formats represented by overseas warehouses and cross-border e-commerce has become a major highlight of foreign trade growth.
"New formats and new models of foreign trade are the inevitable outcome of the new development stage in the field of foreign trade, and a vivid practice of implementing new development concepts." Vice Minister of Commerce Ren Hongbin said that China attaches great importance to the development of new formats and models of foreign trade. Local governments and various departments have continuously improved policy systems and optimized the business environment to promote a nearly 10-fold increase in cross-border e-commerce in five years, a five-fold increase in market procurement and trade exports in six years, and over 2,000 overseas warehouses.
The new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation has brought new development opportunities and requirements, and also prompted the transformation of foreign trade development. Previously, the "14th Five-Year Plan for High-Quality Development of Foreign Trade" officially released by the Ministry of Commerce proposed to optimize the structure of trade in goods, innovate and develop trade in services, accelerate the development of new trade formats, improve the level of trade digitization, and promote the integration of domestic and foreign trade. key task. Among them, quantitative indicators are weakened, and innovation-driven promotion of high-quality development of foreign trade is emphasized. This plan as a whole complies with the new changes and new requirements of the domestic and international situation in the new era. It not only puts forward the goals, tasks and measures for its own development in the field of foreign trade, but also effectively connects with my country's economic and social development goals during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period to achieve harmonized.