Facing shrinking external demand, coastal areas should turn to internal and external interaction
"Currently, the internal and external environment and the situation facing China's regional economic development are undergoing profound changes." Wang Yiming, vice chairman of the China Center for International Economic Exchanges and former deputy director of the Development Research Center of the State Council, said at the second China Development Planning Forum. The region's deep participation in the international cycle faces new challenges. The degree of dependence on foreign trade in coastal areas is significantly higher than that in other regions. The adjustment of global supply chains and the decoupling of technology that the United States is advancing not only make coastal areas’ exports face the impact of a sharp contraction in external demand, but also imports face the constraints of technological cutoffs. The role of coastal areas in the past was to deeply participate in the international cycle to drive the development of inland areas. As domestic demand and external demand ebb and flow in the structure of demand, coastal areas should shift from "promoting internal externally" to "interacting internally and externally."
The second is the change in the relative relationship between external demand and domestic demand markets, which has relatively increased the location advantages of inland regions. The expansion of the external demand market has slowed down, and the domestic demand market share has increased relatively, creating favorable conditions for the accelerated development of provinces with large inland populations and large markets. In addition, the construction of the “Belt and Road” is also changing the location conditions of the inland. Many of the relatively closed inland provinces have become the frontiers of opening. This has caused significant changes in the original coastal and inland centers and peripheral structures, which is beneficial to the heavy Shape my country's regional economic structure.
When talking about how to better play the role of regional policies in promoting regional coordinated development during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, Wang Yiming said that the role of "introducing external links and internal links" in coastal areas should be strengthened. Coastal areas should deeply participate in the international cycle, and the domestic cycle is inseparable from the international cycle. Therefore, through the use of the free trade pilot zone and other platforms, the domestic cycle and the international cycle can be effectively connected in the coastal areas. At the same time, we will speed up the deployment and foster more strategic growth poles in the central and western regions. In the central and western regions, select some areas with a relatively good industrial foundation and relatively concentrated innovation resources to accelerate the deployment of new strategic industrial development platforms.
"The construction of large passages can greatly improve the level of domestic and international dual-cycle development." Wang Yiming said that the construction of three-dimensional large passages connecting domestic and foreign markets should be accelerated, the construction of passages such as high-speed railways along the river, and the construction of new land-sea passages in the west to form a pan-Asian-Europe international railway A large sea intermodal channel. Strengthen communication at the national level and accelerate the interconnection of cross-border infrastructure such as the Trans-Asian Railway, cross-border high-grade highways, and optical cable transmission systems.
Wang Yiming said that the economic and social digital transformation is reshaping the regional competitive landscape. Regional gaps will be manifested to a greater extent in differences in digital transformation in the future. He proposed that during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, policy tools should be used to promote cooperation between developed and underdeveloped regions, central cities, and hinterlands around digital transformation, so as to enhance the digital infrastructure and industrial development capabilities of relatively underdeveloped regions, and avoid aggravating the Effect”, narrowing the “digital divide” between regions.
Market mechanism elements may flow to more efficient regions. In this regard, Wang Yiming proposed that the equalization of basic public services is more important for regional coordination, and an effective geographic unit for equalization is urban agglomeration. The first thing that can be promoted is a geographic unit. The equalization of urban agglomerations, such as the equalization of public services in the Yangtze River Delta, is effectively advancing.
He said that the consistency between regional policies and the requirements for national unified market construction should also be strengthened. Regional policies are often differentiated policies, and special support will be given to special regions. Therefore, the integration of regional policies and the construction of a national unified market should be considered, so that regional policies can effectively promote fair competition.