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Santa has no business? This "outbreak winter" is not easy
Adddate: 2020-12-16 16:48:47

 What is the most popular occupation in Russia recently? It is the old man in severe cold, which is the Russian version of "Santa Claus". According to tradition, from December 15th, the "old men in severe cold" will come to perform for the family.

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   But with the arrival of the new crown epidemic. The number of job applicants applying to be "old people in severe cold" this year is three times that of last year, but customer demand has dropped sharply.
   This week, it is not just the “severe cold elderly” who are frustrated in the “outbreak winter” on a global scale.
   On December 9, a group of Japanese Self-Defense Team members accepted the order of the Ministry of Defense and entered the downtown area of ​​Asahikawa, Hokkaido.
   Their mission is not to defend themselves, but to enter medical institutions to help fight the new crown epidemic.
The    group includes a "nurse officer" and 4 nurses with "prospective nurse qualifications". Their dispatch indicates that the medical system of Asahikawa City has been under great pressure.
   Asahikawa is the second largest city in Hokkaido, with a population of about 330,000, second only to the capital Sapporo.
   Recently, there have been at least 8 cluster infections in medical institutions and other places in Asahikawa City, leading to a sharp increase in the number of confirmed cases since December.
   Among them, at least 258 people have been diagnosed in the Asahikawa Health Hospital. This is the most serious cluster infection in Japan since the outbreak.
   The number of confirmed cases in Yoshida Hospital of the Kyoyoukai has reached about 200, and more than half of them are elderly patients with serious illnesses.
  The successive large-scale infections in medical institutions have severely consumed the medical resources of Asahikawa City and even Hokkaido.
At present, the utilization rate of beds used for the treatment of new crown patients in Asahikawa City exceeds 70%. Mayor Nishikawa said on the 7th that there is a shortage of 24 nurses in the city. This may lead to the collapse of the city’s medical system, so he has to ask the Self-Defense Forces. Ask for help.
   Asahikawa City Health Center, Director Asahiho: First of all, ask them to understand the specific situation of the medical frontline, and hope that the support staff of the Self-Defense Force can work hard to play their role.
   Japan's "Self-Defense Forces Act" stipulates that when the scale of the disaster exceeds the local rescue capacity, the Self-Defense Forces can be dispatched for assistance. This is called "disaster dispatch." During the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011, the Self-Defense Forces dispatched disasters to participate in rescue operations.
 
   The Asahi Shimbun noticed that as the new crown epidemic situation intensifies, the number of areas requesting "disaster dispatch" is increasing. Toshio Nakagawa, president of the Japanese Medical Association, said that this is regarded as the "last resort" for local medical assistance.
   On the morning of December 1, after completing safety inspections and maintenance, the Olympic rings that had been withdrawn from Tokyo’s Odaiba Seaside Park had been restored.
  According to the third-quarter economic data released by the Japanese government on the 8th, Japan’s real GDP in the third quarter increased by 5.3% from the previous quarter, which is regarded as a recovery growth after the economic downturn.
   Previously, the Japanese economy had fallen for three consecutive quarters, and the second quarter fell by 28.1% year-on-year, the largest drop since comparable data.
   The Tokyo Olympics is regarded as a key move to stimulate the Japanese economy, and high hopes are placed on the restoration of the economy.
   Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga: Boosting the damaged global economy and realizing economic growth are vital to creating a new society in the epidemic era and post-epidemic era.
   However, as the host of the Olympics, the recent worsening of the epidemic in Tokyo has made everyone uneasy.
   On December 10, Japan added 2,972 new confirmed cases of new crown, which set a new high since the outbreak.
   The number of new cases in a single day in Tokyo exceeded 600 for the first time, reaching 602.
   At the end of December, the establishment of the Yoshihide Suga government was about 100 days old. This period was described by the Japanese media as a "honeymoon period" with high tolerance for the people. However, according to the latest polls, the approval rating of Yoshihide Suga's cabinet has fallen to 50.3%, a drop of more than 10 percentage points from last month. 55.5% of the survey respondents believed that the government’s epidemic prevention measures were insufficient, and 76.2% of the survey respondents believed that the government should give priority to the prevention and control of the epidemic rather than stimulating the economy.
   On December 3, the "Korea University Aptitude Test", which is equivalent to the Korean college entrance examination, officially opened.
   Before entering the examination room, everyone needs to take a temperature check and wear a mask all the way.
   Candidates who are infected with new coronary pneumonia or are in self-isolation period can also take the test in the "isolation examination room" set up by medical institutions.
   South Korean President Moon Jae-in: I had a lot of worries before, but seeing these preparations today, I feel a little relieved, but the severity of the new crown epidemic is still beyond our expectations.
   In Seoul Medical Center's main hospital, branch hospital, Northwestern Hospital and other places, many containers are arranged neatly. They are not used to transport things, but will be transformed into "container wards" for patients with COVID-19. Each "container ward" can accommodate 2 to 3 patients, and it is expected to provide a total of 150 beds.
   In the past week, the number of new cases in a single day in South Korea has been as high as 600, most of which are concentrated in the metropolitan area. The epidemic prevention department predicts that this number may rise to 900 next week.
  Korea Minister of Health and Welfare Park Linghou: (The government) has concluded that the metropolitan area has entered the new crown pandemic stage, and we are facing an urgent threat of a national pandemic.
   The anti-epidemic department stated that in the past two weeks, although South Korea’s population mobility has dropped by 20% under the control measures, it has not been able to effectively prevent the spread of the epidemic. Cluster infections occur in nursing homes, religious facilities, cram schools, restaurants, military camps, and other places, and cases with unknown sources of infection account for up to 16%.
   On December 8, South Korea once again raised the national epidemic response level. Among them, the metropolitan area was raised from level 2 to level 2.5, second only to the highest level of level 3.
   At the same time, the metropolitan area has also stepped up detection of the new crown virus.
   Temporary inspection points were set up at more than 150 places around universities and transportation hubs where young people gather, and a three-week intensive inspection was implemented. According to the "Central Daily News" report, only people with fever, cough, headache and other symptoms could be tested after obtaining a doctor's diagnosis. In the future, as long as they provide a personal mobile phone number, anyone can be tested anonymously regardless of symptoms.
   On December 9, according to Italian media reports, researchers from the University of Milan found the new coronavirus in a 4-year-old child’s throat secretions extracted in early December 2019. The boy lives near Milan and has no history of travel. The researchers deduced from this that at least in mid-November 2019, the new crown virus had spread in northern Italy, which also explained the rapidity of the first wave of epidemics in Lombardy at the beginning of this year.
Raviglione, professor of global health at the University of Milan: A retrospective investigation found that the presence of viral RNA in (sample) can conclude that the symptoms of (boy) at that time belonged to new coronary pneumonia, so this new crown case from a year ago can be confirmed , This child started to show symptoms on November 21, counting the incubation period of three to four days, then he was infected in about mid-November, as for who was infected, we don’t know.
   On December 8, the British government began to vaccinate the people with the new crown vaccine, becoming the first western country to receive a large-scale vaccinations against the new crown.
   90-year-old Margaret is the first vaccinator.
   After the first shot, Margaret got a card to remind her to get the second shot on time in about a month.
   British new crown vaccination person Margaret: I can't describe this feeling now, it's very strange and wonderful.
  According to the list of priority vaccination groups announced by the British government, the first batch of vaccinators include medical staff in medical institutions and the elderly.
   But according to Reuters, on the first day of vaccination, two NHS medical staff quickly developed allergic reactions related to the vaccination, and subsequently had to receive treatment. A day later, the British health department issued an emergency warning that people who have had a "significant" drug, food or vaccine allergic reaction should not get the vaccine.
   According to the latest poll published by the British "Guardian", nearly half of Britons are worried about the safety of the vaccine, and one-third may refuse to get the vaccine.
Ryan, WHO health emergency project leader: The emergence of vaccines does not mean that the new crown pneumonia can be eliminated. The new crown vaccine will be a powerful tool, but only relying on vaccines cannot respond to the epidemic. Vaccines should be incorporated into existing public health strategies. We must continue to manage personal behavior and personal hygiene, while realizing that there will not be enough vaccines for everyone at the beginning of next year.
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