Steel Structure Warehouse Design Considerations for Different Industries


Classification:Industry News

Release time:2023-08-10 09:54


Warehouses form a major building typology utilizing structural steel for their framing systems. However, the specific design requirements of warehouses vary substantially depending on the industry and goods being stored. Factors like commodity types, loading/unloading operations, environmental controls and fire safety standards require customized steel structure solutions. This article examines key design considerations when planning steel framed warehouses for different sectors based on Lida Group's extensive experience in industrial construction.

General Cargo Warehouses

Common for distribution centers, general cargo warehouses house multiple product types simultaneously in pallet racks or cantilever racks along column lines. Medium to high clear internal heights of 6-12m allow for multi-tier stacking. Steel frames include intermediate bracing to resist pallet jack impacts and rack load transfer.

Rolled steel joists or bar joists suit as economic roof and floor decking. Glazing ratios are low prioritizing interior space. Column-free spans promote flexibility. Fire suppression systems are included based on commodity classifications stored.

Cold Storage Warehouses

Refrigerated and frozen food facilities require high thermal insulation in walls and roofs. To avoid thermal bridging, framing utilizes isolated deck and girts with continuous insulation. Panelized construction accelerates cool-down periods.

In cold districts, steel framing with insulated metal panels provides economical thermal breaks versus uninsulated concrete alternatives difficult to maintain at freezing. Strategic openings balance natural ventilation and moisture control.

Hazardous Goods Warehouses

Strict safety code adherence is mandatory for flammable, toxic or reactive materials storage. Fire-rated enclosures compartmentalize risk areas. Blast walls shield explosives storage. Gaseous suppression systems supplement sprinklers.

Heavy steel sections and moment connections increase structural robustness to contain incidents. Limited natural ventilation maintains negative pressures. Remote monitoring detects leaks promptly.

Automotive Parts Distribution

Very high clear heights up to 20m allow drive-in access for efficient vehicle unpacking/repacking. Wider bay spacing than general cargo accommodates vehicle maneuvering.

Heavily braced frames absorb impacts of fork trucks and automobiles. Steel decking doubles as working platforms. Speed gates optimize traffic flows.

With each industry presenting unique challenges, Lida Group's design-build expertise streamlines project delivery through early collaborations refining structural proposals specifically for given supply chain functions and risk environments. Strategically selected steel structural systems form the backbone of operational success across versatile warehouse facilities.

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